HUMBOLDT, WILHELM VON°

HUMBOLDT, WILHELM VON° (1767–1835), German philologist and statesman. Humboldt grew up during the Enlightenment period in Berlin where he frequented henriette herz 's salon. He became acquainted with D. Friedlaender , was introduced to mendelssohn , and heard informal lectures by markus herz and dohm . A friend and counselor of K. Hardenberg , Humboldt was responsible in 1809/10 for education and religious questions in the Prussian administration. During this time he wrote a draft of a constitution for Prussian Jewry, submitted on July 17, 1809. He proposed that the nomadic existence of Jews, the political nature of their communal organization, and their isolation could be eliminated through resettlement, terminating the autonomy of Jewish communities, and ensuring full assimilation. Humboldt demanded that emancipation be complete and immediate: Jews were to be   acknowledged not only as citizens but as human beings. The state should not concern itself with their "improvement" but provide equal rights for all its citizens if they agree to equal obligations. He was also instrumental in opening to Jews the new University of Berlin (founded in 1810). At the Congress of vienna he was a vigorous advocate of Jewish rights. His brother, ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT (1769–1859), geographer and naturalist, was a consistent philo-Semite who was vehemently opposed to the Kreuzzeitung and to other antisemitic and illiberal doctrines, but his views concerning the Jews were generally more of the aesthetic or personal kind than political. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.W. Baron, Die Judenfrage auf dem Wiener Kongress… (1920). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. Sweet, Wilhelm von Humboldt, 2 vols. (1978–80), 203–8; P. Honigmann, in: BullLBI, 76 (1987), 3–34; idem, in: R. Heuer et al. (eds.), Konfrontation und Koexistenz (1996), 46–81; J. Grossmann, in: German Studies Review, 20:1 (1997), 23–47.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Humboldt, Wilhelm von — (1767–1835) German polymath and philosopher of language. The elder brother of the explorer Alexander, Wilhelm von Humboldt was born in Potsdam and educated at Frankfurt and Göttingen. He combined the general scholarly interests of his time with a …   Philosophy dictionary

  • HUMBOLDT (W. von) — HUMBOLDT WILHELM VON (1767 1835) Une biographie «explicite» permet de repérer l’appartenance effective de Humboldt à une période chargée d’événements qui ont remodelé la configuration politique et théorique de l’Europe. D’abord témoin passionné… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • HUMBOLDT (A. von) — Doté d’une vaste intelligence, d’une curiosité insatiable, d’une constitution physique «d’acier fin», le baron prussien Friedrich Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt est le type du savant complet. Au cours de sa longue vie, il a entretenu des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Humboldt, Alexander von — ▪ German explorer and naturalist Introduction in full  Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander, Freiherr (baron) von Humboldt  born Sept. 14, 1769, Berlin died May 6, 1859, Berlin  German naturalist and explorer who was a major figure in the… …   Universalium

  • Wilhelm von Humboldt — Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Carl Ferdinand von Humboldt, kurz: Wilhelm von Humboldt, (* 22. Juni 1767 in Potsdam; † 8. April 1835 in Tegel) war ein deutscher Gelehrter, Staatsmann und Mitgründer der Universität Berlin (heute: Humboldt Universität …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm von Humboldt — Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Karl Ferdinand Freiherr von Humboldt, plus connu sous le nom Wilhelm von Humboldt (en français, Guillaume de Humboldt), né à Potsdam le 22 juin 1767 et mort à Tegel le 8 avril 1835, est un linguiste, fonctionnaire,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wilhelm von humboldt — Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Karl Ferdinand Freiherr von Humboldt, plus connu sous le nom Wilhelm von Humboldt (en français, Guillaume de Humboldt), né à Potsdam le 22 juin 1767 et mort à Tegel le 8 avril 1835, est un li …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wilhelm von Humboldt — Wilhelm von Humboldt …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wilhelm von Humboldt — Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Karl Ferdinand Freiherr von Humboldt (June 22, 1767ndash April 8, 1835), government functionary, diplomat, philosopher, founder of Humboldt Universität in Berlin, friend of Goethe and in particular of Schiller, is… …   Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm von Schadow — Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow (* 6. September 1788 in Berlin; † 19. März 1862 in Düsseldorf) war ein deutscher Maler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.